The 4 Stages of Prostate Cancer
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What to expect in the 4 stages?
Staging is very important because the doctor can determine if the tumor is still localized. The cancerous growth during the first 2 stages of prostate cancer is still enclosed in the gland. It doesn't show warning signs and symptoms of prostate cancer.
The 4 stages are actually divided into 2: Early and Advanced stages. Stages 1 and 2 are considered early while stages 3 and 4 are advanced or late stages.
There are usually no signs or symptoms for early stage tumor. You can expect metastasis and worsening of symptoms at the final stages.
In this stage, the tumor...
The tumor can also be discovered through a prostate-specific antigen or PSA test and a subsequent biopsy. If PSA is abnormally high in your blood, cancerous cells will be suspected. Further test such as DRE is needed because PSA level can go up due to other medical conditions such as an infection in your urinary tract.
Surgery is usually the first recommended form of treatment at the early stage. Robotic prostate surgery is the latest form of treatment right now.
Proton radiation therapy is also one of the new treatments for prostate cancer.
In stage 2, the tumor...
Stage 2 is further divided into 2a and 2b. Stage 2a is when only 1 part of the gland is affected while Stage 2b is when both parts of the gland have cancerous cells.
Stage 3 has 2 stages: 3a and 3b. In stage 3a, the tumor has moved outside the gland while in stage 3b, it has spread only to the adjacent tissues like the seminal vesicles.
At end stage, the tumor in your prostate ...
The cancerous growth has already metastasized for both stages 3 and 4. But the difference between these advanced prostate cancer stages is the extent of the metastasis.
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